Are You Prone to Them?
Fungus infections are very common and can take hold on many different parts of the body. The infection is passed by direct or indirect contact with an incubation period of around 1 to 2 weeks. Most infections are caused by a dermatophyte fungus that invades keratinized tissues in the hair, nails and skin. The fungus generally only spreads in dead cells, stopping when it comes into contact with living tissue or mucus membranes.
The symptoms of the disease depends on the part of the body that is affected. But the most common sign is a red, itchy rash. This can develop superficial scaling as well as satellite blisters and pustules. The term “ringworm” is often used interchangeably with the generic term for all fungus infection which is “tinea” despite the fact that the condition has nothing to do with a worm. Below we set out the main “tinea” infections present in humans:
Tinea captis – This is most often seen in children and occurs when the infection takes hold in the hair and scalp. This infection can develop into a serious condition if hair roots and follicles are invaded and medical advice should be sought as soon as possible. Oral antifungal treatment may be necessary.
Tinea cruris – This describes infections of the groin, known colloquially as “jock itch”. The infection is normally resolved by applying a topical antifungal treatment.
Tinea pedis – Known by its colloquial term “athlete’s foot”, this is an infection of the webbed area of skin between the toes, and the skin surrounding the nails. Tinea pedis can typically be treated quickly using topical antifungal medications. Read this Fungicure review for example.
Tinea ungium – This occurs when nails and affected by the fungus. The result is yellowed, thickened and dystrophic nails. Popular treatments often contain Undecylenic acid a FDA approved antifungal agent. Read this Zetaclear review for more details.
Tinea corporis – A catch-all term to describe fungus infections on the trunk, extremities and face. In some cases the condition will resolve on its own without treatment.